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Women in Ohio

Women have played an important part in the history of Ohio. The first permanent white women settlers arrived in the Northwest Territory in 1788, and contributed profoundly to the survival of the earliest settlements. As the settlements grew into communities, women helped develop churches and schools. Women also played a part in working for social justice. Advocate Lucy Stone and author Harriet Beecher Stowe changed not just Ohio, but the nation through their work for the abolitionist movement. Many Ohio women in the mid-19th Century pursued social equality with men.

Women grew closer to social equality throughout the 20th Century, most notably through gaining the right to vote in 1920. Women have also served Ohio in all branches of government; being elected to seats in the General Assembly, the Supreme Court of Ohio, and the offices of Attorney General, Auditor of State, Secretary of State and Treasurer of State.

A little more than half (51.1%) of the state’s population is female. Around the state, 4.6 million women over the age of 16 are part of Ohio’s workforce. There are about 230,000 women-owned businesses in Ohio, employing more than 260,000 people and generating $32.2 billion in revenue.

Ohio women have been trailblazers in all walks of life. Some famous Ohio women include: